Types of dental oral surgery, what to do to be prepared
There are basically two main reasons why oral surgery is needed: in connection with preventive dental treatment or with implants. Oral surgery should be performed for the purpose of protection. Surgical tooth removal is performed when the tooth cannot be removed by a conventional procedure. On the other hand, dental implants and implantation are also dental surgery. In the following, we will discuss in more detail the various types of dental surgery and how to prepare for them consciously.
Oral surgery in connection with preventive treatment
Some teeth may not or only partially break through the gums. Such a tooth can cause inflammation, or worse, a cyst. It is therefore advisable to pull these teeth out before causing inflammation in the surrounding tissue. Another typical case is when the tooth crown and teeth are destroyed by decay and only the tooth root remains, which cannot be removed in the traditional way. This is often the case and regular dental check-ups are therefore very important.
The most common oral surgery is when a tooth is surgically removed, such as wisdom tooth removal. It is also often the case that one of the teeth is unable to break the gum for some reason. This may be due to lack of space or because, for example, the wisdom tooth is abnormally located in the jaw bone. In both cases, the solution is oral surgery, that is, surgical intervention to eliminate the problem.
The problem of tooth decay is most common in the wisdom tooth. Although some of the teeth are protruding, the other part is still covered by mucous membranes. If this condition persists for a long time, it may become inflamed over time, become painful, and may require dental surgery.
Dental implant oral surgery
Another growing area of dental surgery is dental implant dentures. The dental implant itself is a tooth root made from a high purity titanium alloy that can be a perfect replacement for the natural tooth root. There are two kinds of implants and implantation methods: one is the conventional two-phase implants, the other one is single-phase, immediate loading implants.
The implantation of conventional two-phase implants is a more serious surgical procedure, as to insert implants requires an incision to be made the gums. The resulting wound should be sutured and the wound itself would heal within 2-3 weeks. At the same time, It takes a lot longer for the implant to ossify, about 4-6 months. After this period, the gingival should be reopened to make the implants accessible and the other parts of the body and crown fastened.
There are three major drawbacks to the two-phase implants:
- takes a long time up to 6 months,
- more severe dental surgery intervention and requires multiple surgeries,
- not applicable in case of bone deficiency.
The other teeth replacement solution is the use of a one-phase, immediate loading implant. Unlike the aforementioned two-phase implantation, the one-phase, as its name implies, is done in a single phase, with a much simpler oral surgery. This method does not require the incision of the gums, because the surgeon by the x-ray knows the exact location where to place the implants. The implantation of the immediate loading implants is performed through the gum.
- a simple, invasive surgical procedure, no need to open the gums,
- Implants can be loaded immediately, so the denture can be completed very quickly, in less than 5 days,
- It can also be used for those who suffer poor quality bones or bone deficiency.
How to Prepare for Oral Surgery?
You have to be well prepared for a successful surgery. Tooth extraction or any tooth-related surgery (root canal, resection, implant) is usually a simple, low-bleeding, invasive medical intervention. Nonetheless, it is advisable to prepare ourselves thoroughly. If we choose conscious preparation instead of anxiety, self-blame, or fear, we have a much greater chance of prompt and painless oral surgery intervention and then recovery.
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Source: iliDent Implantology and Oral Surgery Center Budapest © Copyright 2020 iliDent.com